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The Illegal Economy

By: Marcus Christopher

The illegal economy activities in the American society are growing day by day due to various changes in the economy and change in social values. Different states have encouraged development of free markets in the economy which has encouraged the growth of the black market. This is because people are finding illegal businesses more rewarding as compared to the legitimate businesses. The growth of the illegal economy brings the subject of whether to legalize some of these underground businesses or put effective laws in place to control some of these businesses (On the Concept of Illegal Economy 2).
The illegal economy is considered to be free in its absolute sense, meaning it is free from any other control or regulation. This means they operate without any government law to govern the terms for their operations. The only thing that exists in law is that these underground businesses are illegal and punishable. But what we experience in the American society today is that these underground crimes are continuing to thrive and they contribute a reasonable amount of GDP to the economy which is in most cases unaccounted for.
The illegal economy may be composed of: dealing with a business that provides an illegal service, dealing with illegal goods, and dealing with legal goods in an illegal manner. My argument will be based on the effects of these businesses to the economy and their social implications in the society. I will try to bring the aspects that are involved in these underground businesses. I will deal with one problem at a time.

Prostitution
Prostitution is considered to be one of the oldest professions in the world, over the ages it has advanced and become more commercialized. Many scholars have done the social studies and come up with different causes of prostitution. Sanger (200) says that prostitution is on increase due to loss of communities values. He argues that the community has lost in touch with its original values and embraced modern values. Looking at the trend of prostitution in American society we will realize that it has underwent many changes in the modern times. There is increase in the number of people who are engaging in commercial sex business. The number of brothels in the cities is on the rise in the underground market. The illegal business has gone hi-tech with the use of modern technology and the internet. This is portrayed by the increase in the sex businesses in the social sites which are being used as the modern marketing tool of this business.

According to Sanger (445) there are more and more underage women who have joined prostitution in New York today. He says that men prostitution is also on the rise. Looking at these facts we realize that this underground business is on the rise. We must fist accept that prostitution business although illegal it has some contribution to the national economy, first there is income generation to the business operators and also the creation of employment. But when we look at the cost benefit analysis we realize that this business is doing more harm than good in our society.
Prostitution business is a costly affair to the national economy, this is because of the economic and the social cost associated with it. The government spends millions of tax payersí money to treat diseases associated with the prostitution business. The amount of money spent by the government to provide medicine to patients with venereal disease and HIV is high. The number of people needing these drugs is on the rise due to the consequences of the prostitution business. The burden is big because most of these businesses donít pay taxes to the government and the money earned goes to a few individualís pockets because the business is illegal and consequently escapes the tax man.

Prostitution is considered as a social crime and it has very many social impacts in the American society. Looking at the current trend we realize that underage women are being used in this business which has led to exploitation of these young ladies sexually by pimps and their clients. The young women who engage in this business usually suffer physiological problems such that they canít adopt a normal lifestyle in future. This has also led to loss of life and self dignity. The other thing which is on the rise is human trafficking from other countries to America to work as sex slaves. When we think about this whole issue it bring stigma, itís inhuman to take advantage of other people weakness to make money. All these implications have resulted due to laxity in the law that controls the illegal economy. On my opinion the government should put more measures to curb the prostitution business.

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